Terrorism is no more a new phenomenon and it has engulfed many parts of the world for the last many decades. Palestine guerillas (No better than terrorists) have fighting against Israel ever since it was formed after World war II. In India terrorism is fully entrenched. Terrorists have always been ruthless and cruel with their victims. Beheadings by Taliban was a regular affair to inflict fear. Zarqawi of Al Qaeda in Iraq was killed by American strikes who committed many crimes including beheadings. Talibans are staunch fundamentalists, sadists and cruel too. They measured beards with scale ( If not with a vernier or micrometer) , cut off noses of women and banned woman’s education. Barbaric customs prevail in ( NWFP) North West Frontier Provinces of Pakistan inhabited by tribes now dominated by Taliban. Infact killing by beheading was a most popular method for all Muslim rulers and invaders who ruled India for nearly five centuries. There are scores of examples in bye gone Indian history to prove the point. Invader Baber ruler of Kabul from Afghanistan in 1527 attacked India taking advantage of the local feuds between Lodi rulers in Delhi and other chieftains and waged wars with Ibrahim Lodi, the ruler of Delhi and local princes. He established Mughal dynasty that ruled India effectively upto 1707 and the later emperors who were ineffective, lecherous and pleasure seeking lasted up to 1857. The last nominal Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah II Zafar was arrested and tried for his complicity and leading the Indian Sepoy (soldiers) rebellion and Mutiny in 1857 and deported to Rangoon in Burma by East India Company where he died in detention. This struggle is very fondly termed as the first war of Independence by the Indian historians and the government while the Englishmen dubbed it as a mere mutiny. In all countries and societies, that wage struggles against foreign domination interpretation of conflicts are varied. The victors call the resistance as rebellions or mutinies while oppressed claim as struggle for independence. In Indian context too this is correct.
Baber constructed tower of heads ( skulls) from the heads cut off in battle field and he sat on the tower on a throne after the victory at battle of Kanwa near Agra with Rana Sangram Singh, the valiant ruler of Mewar in Rajasthan. He assumed the title Ghazi (Protector of faith) (1). Banda Singh Bahadur and nearly 700 of his Sikh followers were beheaded by Mughals after their capture during the reign of Mughal emperor Faukh Siyar in 18 th century.Banda singh Bahadur took over from where Guru Gobind Singh left. Even Saddam Hussein is believed to have beheaded his Minister Ibrahim, one of his advisors in 1991 war and sent the head as a gift to his wife. Ibrahim advised him on request to step down and call for a truce during the eight year war with Iran (2). Saddam’s fascination for summary killings of his aides is well known. Thus cruelty of Islamic terrorists including the rulers stands proved undoubtedly.History is the living example.
Terrorism is an act of perverted inhuman sadists who aim at creating fear, terror, dejection and demoralization among innocent population. Their intention is to create disorder, religious hatred, sectarian conflicts, frustration and turmoil in the society that could result in loss of confidence in the prevailing governing system. They mostly aim at attacking innocents and unarmed persons or groups who easily fall victims to their attacks. Terrorists may have political aims at times and work in co operation with standing army and intelligence agencies of a country that is at conflicts with another country (3). Pakistan is the best example on this account that is abetting all terrorist operations in India apart from revitalizing Taliban in its lawless Waziristan and supporting resurgence of Taliban inspired terrorist actions in Afghanistan against Hamid Karzai Government (4) (5). Another example is Iran that has created Hezbollah in Lebanon and shouts at the pitch of voice that it would destroy Israel with its nuclear weapons that it has not acquired yet (6). At present, terrorism and Guerilla actions have become synonymous with each other. Guerilla actions were mostly hit and run attacks of militia in various countries (including present Taliban) that had some political aims such as liberation from an oppressed foreign rule, to throw out occupational armies or waging an underground war against existing regime based on ideological conflicts or other factors. They had some definite aims for their actions. Movements such as those of Red Army in China during liberation struggle, Cuban movement under Castro and Cheguara, actions of Liberation of Tamil Tigers Eeelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka and Maoist actions in Nepal and Indian States are some of the examples. Although terrorist outfits worldwide are claiming some political ambitions, their actions are to create disorder and confusion and wearing out of governing forces in the country against which the terrorist actions are being conducted. In principle, Guerilla actions and Terrorism are distinct in character, aims and conduct. In military tactical terminology, ambush of an army Patrol in a jungle, sudden attack on a small military unit caught unawares, lightning attack in cover of darkness on an army convoy are some of the examples of guerilla actions. Placing bombs in crowded places, In railway compartments, hospitals, schools, market yards, blowing off the passenger buses by placing bombs, explosion of car bombs, blowing off soldiers barracks by explosives, hijacking aero planes and crashing them, blowing off aero planes in mid air, exploding oil installations, disrupting railway traffic by blowing off bridges and causing casualties, suicide bombings are the typical terrorist actions that have evolved in modern perverted times.
In terrorist actions, there is no definite target to be achieved except to create panic, fear and frustration. At times a prominent leader could be killed in a terrorist planned attack using a suicide bomber (Like assassination of Rajeev Gandhi, former Prime minister of India by militants of Lankan Tigers of Tamil Eeelam near Madras ), sniper or with a time bomb. Terrorism is invariably is not well defined to one place or area that makes it difficult to be countered with complete success. This could happen any where, any time and any moment. Therefore, this is very difficult to be tackled (7). Last century has witnessed many terrorist actions in various parts of the world. The most important region for these activities has been the Middle East Palestine region. Yaser Arafat who masterminded and led the struggle for creating a sovereign Palestine State (This is not yet a reality) can be considered as the architect and father of modern terrorism in the world. However Yasser Arafat enjoyed grand rapport with India and shared common platforms with Indira Gandhi, the former slain Prime Minister of India. Arafat formed Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and conducted continuous terrorist actions against Israeli targets (8). The terrorist actions conducted by PLO were considered as the genuine war for attaining sovereign Palestine State by the third world countries. Thus the word terrorism is used as per one’s convenience in today’s world. Hamas in Palestine area that is now at the fore front is also involved in many terrorist actions. The Lebanon based new outfit Hezbollah although claiming to be a pious Muslim organization with noble aims of fighting American hegemony is a terrorist outfit created by Iran. It is claimed by some third world writers that the speeches of chief of Nasrallah of Hezbollah since the last Israeli conflict did not speak of Jihad. He is projected by determined pro Arab writers and their sympathizers as the Messiah for people of Lebanon and as a man of word and it is propagated that people of Lebanon have great trust in him(9). Such writers overtaken in their over enthusiasm of projecting the Arab cause in the world forget that he is a head of terrorist outfit. Al Qaeda which has been accorded super terrorist star image in the terrorist world has taken over the mantle as liberators for Muslim world and saviors of Middle East from westernization. It has taken away the initiative from the sane Muslim governments. Such cynical critics are glorifying terrorism as the noble duty of Hezbollah and other criminal outfits and the acts of terrorism are perceived as the true nationalist actions and liberation movements and justified acts by suppressed nations. These critics are taken over by the fad that Islam was wronged by West and therefore they need to be set right. Nasrallah is almost being projected as the noblest, humane, polished and innocent, but determined leader for liberating Muslims from American domination and attempted and ill perceived westernization of Middle East. Such persons view every thing that West does as something grossly undesirable and sinful and anti Muslim.
The militant’s strategic objective is not directed only against Americans, Englishmen and Israelis, but also against Indians (Brown sahibs). Indians interestingly still walk in the discarded worn out shoes of the Englishmen although the stiff lipped Englishmen left Indians to their fate long ago to suffer eternally at the hands of corrupt politicians.Sir Winston Churchill predicted long ago at the dawn of independence that poor India would be handed over to a bunch of rascals and crooks wherea glass of water and a piece of bread would be taxed. His predictions have come out to be true and present Indian state reveals it. Anna Hazare the 74 year old Gandhian is leading a very strong movement to root out corruption at all levels. The unearthing of multiple scams by the leaders have left country with no prestige left.Sir Churchill is having a last laugh in heavens. The world has suddenly woken up with Annajis agitation against corruption recently that has taken the country as a storm. The people of India who have been taken for a camel ride and wild goose chase and leaher hunt by the politicians for the last six decades have woken up with Annajis call. The ruling govt became defensive after its coercive methods failed and sensing public participation. Scores of scams have been unearthed recently.

Infact leading terrorist leader Zarqawi who was killed by US forces in Iraq planned sinister terrorist acts against Jordon, a Muslim nation and unleashed beheading against Shiites. Thus, terrorists need not attack only non believers. They are out to kill any one that does not suit them. Thus, Terrorists are enemies to all including believers and non believers to put in the language of Muslims. Their strategy has global reach and application as events in New York, London, Madrid, Bali and Mumbai have shown. Although USA and allied forces have launched the massive war against Terrorism, while some were dillydallying and sulking, the terrorism has not been rooted out. Although the most wanted criminal of AlQaeda , Bin Laden was killed by the American commandos in Pakistan, terrorism is still active. Probably this would take some more time before it is rooted out. The cynics, arm chaired self styled analysts on strategic studies, professional paid critics of journals and news papers are generally happy and derive pleasure that coalition forces are yet unable to wipe off the terrorists seeing only negative aspects (10). These critics feel that terrorism is a desired and unavoidable evil to check American imperialism and Western hegemony on weaker nations and Arab world as perceived by them. USA accompanied by very few nations is fighting it’s battle with terrorists in Afghanistan and also in Iraq that are the centers of terrorism. The terrorists have made good and strong base in US mainland too and it has been reported that they have many sympathizers and great amounts of funds are siphoned off to these terrorist outfits for conducting nefarious activities. America has a great task ahead of them to free the world of these thugs who are killing innocents in the name of Jihad and religion (11). The terrorists also have made strong base in Canada, UK, Philippines, Malaysia, Somalia, Libya, Jordon, Yemen, Bosnia, Albania, Algeria, Mauritania, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Lebanon, Syria, India, Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan Chechnya, Bangladesh and Pakistan. Thus the terrorists are dominant wherever Muslim population flourishes. This also gives a flip to argument that Islam is propagating violence. It is a fact that all Muslims are not terrorists although the terrorists involved in the actions are fundamentalist Muslims who have deviated from the true path of Islam.
In India, Islamic terrorism has taken very strong roots and there are innumerable outfits that are conducting terrorist operations. Jaish E Mohammed (JEM), Lashkar- E- Toiba (LET), Deendar Anjuman, Dargah- E- shahdat, Student Islamic Movement of India (SIMI), Harkat ul Mujahideen, Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF), Pasban I Ahelehdis and Indian Mujahideen are some of the important fundamentalist and terrorist Islamic organizations apart from many splinter groups and other fundamentalist organizations that spread religious hatred. Most of these are abetted by Pakistan and Bangladesh which act as lances in both sides of India (12). The State of Jammu and Kashmir has been facing the problem of terrorism since almost two decades and Indian security forces are battling them without great success. It has become a pain in the neck for India. The terrorists have attacked religious places, railway stations, public places as Shopping centers, Crowded streets, Jammu and Kashmir Assembly, Military residential areas, small military and police units including the Parliament House of India that was successfully spoiled by the security forces. However some policemen died in the operation. These attacks were not confined to only the State of Jammu and Kashmir, but also were widely spread in India. Major attacks took place in Delhi, Jammu, Srinagar, Gujarat, Benares, and Ayodhya in Uttar Pradesh, Mumbai, Calcutta, Hyderabad, Bangalore and Coimbatore in South India. Thus, terrorist operations are wide spread in India and there is a concentrated effort going-on from these outfits to destabilize India and engineer communal riots and chaos. The terrorist operations that are being conducted outside Jammu and Kashmir are fundamentally to create hatred between Hindus and Muslims. Although both communities have not fallen a prey to such intentions, there is a growing mistrust in India between the communities and in certain States; the situation is tense, if not explosive. Pakistan has been desperately trying to destabilize India. It is abetting present terrorism.Attacks on Bomaby hotels ( 26/11) were the great disasters exposing incompetence of Indian government agencies in preventing such events. In past, it abetted Khalistan Sikh terrorist actions and provided shelters to them apart from training and supplying arms. It’s terrorists intruded into Kargil sector of Jammu and Kashmir State and this resulted in severe armed conflict with India even calling for Indian Air force actions on the intruders. The terrorists were allowed to withdraw into Pakistan instead of annihilating them in Kargil. This is viewed as a weak kneed policy of the State in dealing with terrorists. There was no firm resolve to deal with terrorists and exterminate them. There is a general belief in India that centuries of Buddhist influence and Gandhian philosophy in the country has sapped the nation of energy, vigor and fighting spirit.
Apart from the foreign inspired Islamic terrorism, India is also battling home grown violence from the Armed Communist cadres called Maoists. Earlier, these cadres were called Naxalites bearing the name from village Naxalbari in West Bengal State where violent armed uprising took place against the land lords in 1967. Since then the violent armed Communist cadres have spread along entire eastern States and the Eastern coastal belt in India linking Tamilnadu to Nepal. These cadres can not be called terrorists although some of their actions are similar in nature occasionally. These actions are based on outdated Maoist Communist ideology of achieving power through barrel of a gun as propagated by China’s former Chairman Mao tse Tung. These Maoist cadres have already established effective areas of influence in the States such as Bihar, Jharkhand, Bengal, Orissa, Maharshtra, Andhra Pradesh and seriously influencing Tamilnadu and all these States are on the Eastern wing of India. India has a longway to go in elimination of these Communist armed cares from society and lacking of any definite plan and concentrated inter State co- ordination are the reasons for the failure of the State Governments in tackling the problem. However in Andhra Pradesh, some success has been achieved in curtailing the problem under the stewardship of former Director General of Police Swaranjit Sen of Indian Police Service. (13) (14) (15).
India has also been struggling to fight armed insurgencies spread across in North Eastern States such as Nagaland, Manipur, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. These States being very close to Bangladesh and China are easily influenced by foreign powers like China, Bangladesh, and Nepal, Bhutan and Burma and the north Eastern States are like Achilles ’ heel to India. No immediate solution is foreseen although India is struggling to tide over the situation with adhoc measures. Indian Army has been engaged in these areas ever since 1947 fighting guerilla war of insurgents. There are no major terrorist actions and the insurgents indulge in mostly guerilla attacks and occasional activities similar to terrorist operations.
On the American front, coalition forces hunted for the world’s most wanted terrorist Osama Bin Laden and his coterie apart from the Taliban leaders. Taliban terrorists such as Mullah Dadullah (The former Taliban intelligence chief), Mullah Omar(Founder of the movement), Maulvi Obaidullah(Former Defense Minister), Jalaluddin Haqani( Former minister of tribal affairs) escaped from the US forces and are reportedly hiding in Pakistan. Al Qaeda’s deputy Ayman Al Zawahiri one of the most wanted criminal after Bin Laden and number two on the list of wanted of Federal Bueau of Investigation (FBI), USA is also reportedly hiding in Pakistan. All these offenders are hiding in Pakistan in the mountainous region of North West Frontier Areas that are known as lawless areas. Some of the captured Al Qaeda leaders and men have been kept in US prison and are facing trials. Al Qaeda conspirator Zacarias Moussaoui faces death penalty for complicity in 9/11 attack on WTC in New York (16). There have been incidents of ill treatment of prisoners in these prisons and wanton killings by a Marine (An isolated incident) (17).US has initiated actions against it’s soldiers wherever they were found guilty.At last Bin Laden was killed by American commandos right under the nose of Pak army after locating his hide out close to a military training school.
In Iraq, Saddam Hussein, the former President of Iraq who was arrested after war in Iraq has been tried for ordering the execution in 1982 of his enemies in the small town Dujail in Iraq which is the strong hold of anti Saddam Dawa Party. These men were Shiites. An attempt was made on the life of Saddam Hussein on July 8, 1982 in Dujail. Saddam Hussein has been sentenced to death by the trial court on November 05, 2006 for executing 148 of them. Saddam is also facing trial on his use of chemical weapons on Kurds at Halabja on March 16, 1980 killing 5000 of them. This operation was called Anfal in which gas attack on Kurds was a part of it. Human rights groups consider the Halabja attack on the Kurds was the worst genocide conducted on humanity by Saddam Hussein (18). Certain quarters pleaded that Saddam Hussein should be pardoned.Does he deserve to be pardoned for ordering genocide against humanity? The cynical critics of West and the propagators of Arab cause must ponder over and find answers. They should keep themselves in the shoes of sufferers at village Halabja and decide whether Saddam Hussein deserved to be given a lenient punishment or hanged. They will get the answer by themselves.Any how Saddam Hussein was hanged by the Govt of Iraq.
As usual, the Arab sympathizers and some self styled custodians of virtue, sympathy, nobility and fairness have been making hue and cry in the press that the trial was just a farce and it was not fair (19) (20). Saddam Hussein after the verdict claimed that the 148 persons of Dujail were tried and given death penalty for the murderous attack on him. He claimed that It was a legal punishment. Can it be called a legal punishment? It was only a massacre. Probably, he believed in justice in the medieval pattern when Muslim victorious leaders ordered general massacre of population. It happened when Nadir shah of Persia attacked Delhi in February 1739 during the rule of Mohammed Shah Rangila (Rangila meaning pleasure seeker). After the fall of Delhi, there was a rumor that Nadir Shah was killed and some of the Persian soldiers were slain. This infuriated the Persian King and he ordered massacre of Delhi’s population and it was carried out with glee by his troops till the Mughal emperor fell on the feet of Nadir Shah and begged him to stop the killings. By this time, innumerable men, women and children were killed and their houses were looted and thousands were taken as slaves. Delhi looked like a ghost city. In the present modern times, such punishments by Saddam Hussein can not be justified as legal and fair. He deserved punishment for the massacre of 148 persons in Dujail that was claimed to be just.
Saddam Hussein ruled Iraq for two decades with iron hand and he waged wars with Iran, Kurds of his own country and Kuwait. As a consequence, Iraq was attacked in 1991 by USA and allies and Kuwait was liberated. He was the ruthless dictator after only Hitler of Germany and Mussolini of Italy who tormented the world during the World War II. Hitler committed suicide to escape arrest when Berlin fell to allied troops and Mussolini was hanged by his own Italian country men. History repeats. All tyrants have to go most unceremoniously from this world. It happened to General Idi Amin (Famed as a Cannibal) of Uganda. He escaped arrest and lived in obscurity in a foreign country where he finally died unsung and unheard. Pakistani dictators Field Marshal Ayub Khan, General Yahya Khan, General Zia ul Haq too disappeared; former abdicated while the later was blown up in air crash. Some of their leaders after the surrender of Germany and Japan in World War II, were tried for war crimes and were executed by the Nuremberg International military courts. They were hanged as war criminals. Some of the convicts committed suicide before hanging. Dictators and authoritative rulers invariably at the end were put to death, jailed for life or assassinated. Very rarely they had happy and successful end. Indira Gandhi former Prime Minister of India who declared emergency in 1975 aftera court verdict against her election and unleashed a reign of terror in India along with her son Sanjay Gandhi are also typical examples. Indira Gandhi was shot dead in 1984 by her own Sikh body guards in her house as a revenge for ordering Army operation on Sikhs’s most respected Golden Temple in Amritsar. Sanjay Gandhi by destiny crashed and met his end while piloting an aero plane over Delhi. Destiny takes care of many things.
India has been soft pedaling the terrorist problem and could not prevent Pakistan in abetting these activities from it’s land. At Kargil it missed golden chance of eliminating maximum number of these militants and they were allowed to withdraw into Pakistan. Does Pakistan reciprocate in a similar way if it gets a chance? Even a tiny nation like Bangladesh has been brow beating India and its Bangladesh Rifles (BDR) men clashed with Indian Border Security Force (BSF) soldiers and kidnapped sixteen Indian security personnel and inhumanly butchered them. Many of them were shot through eyes, strangulated and tortured by pouring boiling water. India swallowed the episode with a smile and lacked strong will to deal firmly with Bangladesh (21). As a consequence, Bangladesh has also joined the club of Pakistan in abetting terrorism in India. The culprits of July 11, 2006 Mumbai train blasts were believed to have run away to Pakistan after engineering the blasts (22). It is also a fact that, many suspects arrested were Indian Muslims and it is required to establish the source of sophisticated time bombs that were used. Even if it is assumed that Pakistan has not directly engineered the blasts, the culprits could have obtained training and motivation across the borders. As suggested by noted writer Kushwant Singh, it would be best to jointly get rid off all the terrorist hideouts and training grounds in Pakistan, A real wishful thinking with Pakistan. (23). Indian leaders are content with issuing strongly worded warnings in vague and twisted language and the matter ends there. The other country that is the neighbor also understands and issues a similar statement in vague language. India goes back to slumber till something else happens.The honourable Prime Minister and Home Minister Mr Chidambaram declared that he would take very strong actions against terrorism in future if the acts are repeated. But nothing happened and terrorists attacked Bombay with impunity several times. Pakistan’s involvement in abetting terrorism has been amply proved by it’s involvement in Jammu and Kashmir. Indian misgivings about Islamabad’s sincerity were only strengthened with exposure of the terrorist plot on August 10, 2006 by London Police where the criminals plotted to hijack and blow Trans- Atlantic fights to USA. Out of 24 culprits arrested most of them were of Pakistan origin. Although Pakistan is taking credit for tipping the London Police for the plot, Pakistan is always involved in terrorist operations in one way or other. It’s involvement in revitalizing Taliban is amply proved by Indian Intelligence agencies. But, USA is also demanding substantial and concrete proof of involvement of Pakistan in Mumbai train blasts. Sadly America is placing greatest faith in Pakistan while it is doing maximum damage to American interests (24).Recent killing of Lafen in Pakistan by American commandos has become an eye opener to USA. Although relations became tense, USA did not leave Pakistan from its embrace and came to terms wing to strategic needs in the region. They have to keep a check on India and due to interests in Afghanistan.
It has been established that terrorists have been resorting to wanton violence in Middle East region, India, Afghanistan, some areas of Pakistan, SriLanka and other smaller countries world wide.In sri Lanka however LTTE has been annihilated and its Chief Prabhakaran was killed by Lankan army. However Islamic terrorism has become wide spread in the world. On the Middle East front, Saddam Hussein was hanged to death. However the third world is blaming USA for engineering the verdict and the verdict has been dubbed as that of a victor (18). Does he deserve pardon for doing all types of gravest crimes while in power? He is responsible for wanton killing of Kurds and executing 148 citizens from the town of Dujail because a citizen opened fire on his car. What about the charges for killing thousands of Kurds in chemical attacks? Why should Saddam be spared inspite of all these inhuman cruelties against humanity? Why convicts were not spared at Nuremberg trials after World War II. Why Nathuram Godse was not spared for killing MK Gandhi? Samar Fatany Jeddah based Radio journalist writing in Indian Press claims that the retaliation attack by Israel on Lebanon is an act of Terrorism (25). Then, how one must describe actions of Hezbollah? Are they to be praised and worshipped? There is no doubt that world press is always divided. The sympathizers of Arab cause would always write anti American views. However truth would be always judged by the sane persons. If Saddam Hussein was pardoned or given a life sentence or sent to gallows it was the verdict of court in Iraq. Others have no role to play except to beat their chests cursing USA.
In this context, it is also essential to discuss the case of Mohammed Afzal Guru the conspirator who conspired with Pakistani Terrorists to engineer an attack on Indian Parliament on December 13, 2001 while it was in session at New Delhi. All the terrorists from Lashkar E Toiba based in Pakistan were shot dead in the encounter with security forces. Afzal helped them in getting them hide outs in Delhi, in procuring explosives, mobile phones, and old car of “Ambassador” make (Ambassador car is made by Hindustan Motors at Calcutta and is the licensed version of Morris Oxford of 1958 vintage of British make by Morris motors), an old motor cycle, sticker of Home Ministry and fake identity cards for the terrorists to enable them to enter premises of Parliament while in session. Afzal was once a Kashmiri militant since 1988-89 motivated by Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front (JKLF). With other militants, he received training at Muzaffarabad in occupied Kashmir area held by Pakistan and returned to India. However he surrendered to BSF along with arms and ammunition in 1993-94. He was later released as surrendered militant. He however was again motivated by one active militant Tariq of outfit Jaish E Mohammed (JEM) to join Jihad and Afzal conspired to engineer attack on Indian Parliament while it was in session (26).
Although the attack was repulsed killing the terrorists, the incident sent shivers down the spines of every Indian politician and the world was shocked. But this was to happen due to the prolonged weak national policies in dealing with terrorists by Indian administration. Generally Muslims countries are of opinion that India is not strong in action and it can do only saber rattling. India is the land of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, the father of nation who preached peace even under great provocation at the time of partition while countless Hindus were being slain by Muslims and women were abducted and raped. Train loads of corpses arrived from Pakistan day after day. Those were the darkest days in the history of India. It is a tragedy that the old man was shot dead at point blank range by his own countryman Nathuram Vinayak Godse within a short time after gaining independence on January 30, 1948. Nathuram Godse was tried and convicted and he was sentenced to death by hanging along with Narayan Apte , the co conspirator. Nathuram did not plead for mercy and pleaded his own case. Neither any one pleaded for mercy for him. Infact Nathuram requested that no one should plead mercy for him. The events that led to the murder of Gandhi and the truths of partition are still shrouded in mystery. Lot of skeletons are believed to be buried in shelves and lockers denying real truth to the Indians. Trial of Nathuram Godse and his statement in the court are still touchy subjects to the Indian leaders.Veer Savarkar was also implicated in Gandhi murder case , but he was acquitted. But the tag still is attached to the memory of Veer savarkar in the minds of Congressmen. Another example is of Kasab the lone survicor from the gropu of terrorists from Pakistan who attacked Bomaby that si called 26/11. The terrorists could land at Bombay ina small boat with sophisticated arms and ammunition, grenades and walked on the streets of Bomaby killing people. They targeted Taj hotel and took hostages and killed many occupants includind foreigners. In belated action by army commandos after police failure, except Kasab all were slain. Kasab was tried and sentenced to death, but still he is not hanged. The pseudio secularist government with week knees has no courage to execute these criminals fearing dent in vote banks.
The Gandhian ideology still haunts the Indian leaders and Parliament and they are unable to take strong actions against those who are committing crimes and doing great damage to the nation. In turn, the nation has been reduced to shambles and has been brought to today’s pass. It is not to condemn Gandhian philosophy, but anything done to extremities is bad and would be counter productive.
India has been dubbed as meek, wavering and docile nation devoid of fighting spirit than can preach only sermons of peace. India although was highly advanced culturally and being the oldest civilization surviving, fell to foreign invaders and slipped into miserable slavery for 800 long years under Muslim and European rules. All the foreign invaders right from the days of Alexander the great to Ahmed shah Abdali Durrani, the ruler of Afghanistan who invaded India in 1761, vanquished Indian rulers and committed grave atrocities and killings. This is something difficult to digest for an Indian who really cares for his country and national honor. The pseudo secularists do not bother and shrug their soldiers claiming that it was all past history. The progress made by India in Information Technology sector, the recent economic progress and exodus of Indian professionals to US in search of greener pastures in IT field are different things. Probably, the country would have further progressed had the Government taken firm actions to prevent violence, terrorism, indiscipline, crimes, corruption and disturbances more effectively than the present day piecemeal half hearted efforts along with chaotic multiparty and horse trading democracy that flourishes in the country, claiming to be world’s largest democracy. Islamic terrorism is posing very grave threat to India threatening its stability and another partition stares into eyes. Pakistan and Jahangir University in Bangladesh are already planning to create Moghalistan linking Bangladesh through Assam and northern states to Pakistan.
India has never been firm in handling terrorism. Earlier, few Islamic terrorists hijacked an Indian aero plane with passengers to Taliban ruled Afghanistan and negotiated release of terrorists who were in Indian prison. Indian Government buckled on to it’s knees and the terrorists held in Indian prisons were ceremoniously handed over in Kandahar in Afghanistan by a Indian central cabinet Minister and the passenger air craft was released. These terrorists were facing trials in Indian courts and the process of law in India is never ending and terrorists gained advantage of the Indian weakness and laxity in the Indian judicial system and are bleeding the nation unending.
Afzal Guru, the accused for the attack on Indian Parliament on December 13, 2001 was tried and sentenced to death by hanging and the highest court in the country approved the verdct. He was to be executed. Unfortunately, politics have crept into the path of justice that is very usual in Indian political scene. Farukh Abdullah former chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir and son of Sheikh Abdullah the controversial Kashmiri leader who was jailed by Indian Government for sedition demanded that the life of Afzal be spared. His contention is that by hanging the terrorist, the gap between Hindus and Muslims would widen further and would badly disturb situation in the J and K State and the terrorists would exploit the situation to their benefit (27).It is projected that India would go up in flames as a consequence of executing Afzal. Ghulm Nabi Azad, former Chief Minister of J and K State and a member of ruling Congress party also has joined the chorus to spare Afzal played to the band, but had no support in his party. AICC senior leader Digvijay Singh supported the death sentence and hastily added that it was his personal view (28). India has not abolished death penalty although some of the world countries have abolished it. Even USA, the world’s premier democracy has not abolished the death penalty. The Jammu and Kashmir congress unit is split on the issue and Mr Mangat Ram Sharma, a senior congress party leader made it clear that Afzal should be hanged and there was no case for clemency for him. Afzal has petitioned to Indian President Dr Abdul Kalam when he submitted his 102 page clemency petition. Afzal claimed that corrupt officials had implicated him in the case (29). The petition was sent to President with comments from different ministries such as Home and Law. There are many such petitions pending in the line and in all probabilities the matter would be delayed (30).The president too changed and cases are still to be see the light of the day to the end. The public opinion in India is very strong against clemency to Afzal and Kasab.
Kamalesh Kumari, The brave lady constable of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) was sprayed with 12 bullets by the terrorists during their attack at Parliament House and during retaliation by Indian security force at Parliament in which many other armed guards too died. The lady constable was awarded posthumously Ashok chakra, highest gallantry award in peace time. Her daughter reacted very sharply on October 5, 2006. Talking to reporters at her residence, she said “We lost our mother because she tried to protect parliament. Had she not alerted the security personnel in time, the terrorists would have probably managed to enter parliament. Can any one imagine the consequences if the terrorists had managed to get inside? Would still these people be clamoring for mercy to Afzal Guru?” Reacting against appeal of Ghulam Nabi Azad, now the former chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir for clemency to Afzal, she retorted “ Would he have pardoned such offenders if one of his family members had been killed in a terrorist attack, Are these people demanding pardon for the convict only because it is politically right for their own State?”(31). The family of Kamlesh Kumari, the valiant lady constable of CRPF is ready to return the Arjuna gallantry award to the Indian government in case Afzal escapes gallows. It will be a big shame and slap on the face. It is being questioned “Why any security force person must die for the nation, if the culprits are pardoned?” Security forces would be demoralized. Afzal’s fate and Kasab’s fate are still not determined. It is a tragedy that Muslim leaders of Jammu and Kashmir have not risen above their narrow religious leanings and have not kept the national interests above partisan and sectarian politics.
Should Afzal and Kasab be considered for clemency like any normal killer who would have committed murder in fit of passion or utter ignorance? Was he insane? There are many incidences when such criminals were shown clemency and death sentence was reduced to life imprisonment. The higher courts reduced the punishments to life imprisonment when the criminal was very young. But the case of Afzal who engineered the attack on Indian parliament is unpardonable. He has challenged the Indian authority and sovereignty. These are the fit cases to be hanged. Appeals by the Muslim leaders of Jammu and Kashmir are only to derive political advantage for themselves and pseudo secular political leaders find this as an opportunity to derive benefit for catching Muslim votes in future elections. The opinions expressed by prominent leaders of Jammu and Kashmir such as Chief Muslim cleric and leader of his faction of Hurryat conference Miwaiz Umar, Chairman of the rival faction of the separatist alliance Syed Ali Gelani, Ruling peoples Democratic Party President Mehbooba Mufti are in favor of showing mercy to Afzal and such sentiments are obvious. Opinion expressed by State Bharateeya Janta Party President (BJP) Nirmal Singh was in favor of execution of Afzal.(32)

In nutshell, the general opinion is that the appeal should be rejected without an iota of thought. It can be concluded that the terrorists should not be shown any leniency and should be severely punished. They kill innocents in a most gruesome manner. Terrorists are threat to mankind and human civilization. Therefore, they should not be spared. If USA succeeded in catching Osama Bin Laden from Pakistan alive, Arab sympathizers and the so-called humanists and self styled propagators of compassion and love would have called for clemency to Bin Laden too expecting that he would repent for the attack on WTC and Pentagon and causing loss of thousands of innocent lives. There must be some heart searching. There must be difference between awarding justice and being lenient and considerate. Or else, one can not govern a country. Afzal and Kasab committed the gravest crime against the country i.e Afzal committed treason and in most of the countries the punishment for treason is only death; nothing less than death and it will be implemented.Kasab has waged war against India. India has already damaged itself with practice of pseudo secularism, inconsistent policies and poor handling of terrorist threat. The weak policy on terrorism has also resulted in establishing of Al Qaeda unit in J and K as per the report of Yusuf Jameel in Indian press some time ago. It is not sure whether this was set up by Bin Laden as one of its wing. Reportedly the unit was announced after two days of Mumbai Train blasts. Abu Abdel Rehman has been appointed as chief of the unit (33). If the unit is really established by Original Al Qaeda, the matter is very serious. In such dangerous situation in the country, if India does not change even now, only disaster awaits it around the corner. Distinguished Indian Lawyer and outspoken Statesman Mr Ram Jethmalani writing in Indian press said “Terrorism has to be faced by massive reprisals and not by delivering terrorists to their accomplices in Kandahar” (34). Country must demonstrate that it does not accept non-sense and is firm in handling these issues. Terrorists in the world should be shown the place which they deserve. The same policy applies to Iraqis, Englishmen, Israelis and Americans who are waging bitter war against terrorism.


1. Todd, Annals of Rajasthan, The annals of Mewar, Edited by C H Payne, Allied Publishers, Bombay, Calcutta, India, PP 50
2. Loveable enemy, Saddam grew with American support and met his downfall at the hands of the same nation, Eenadu (Telugu), Hyderabad, AP, India, Date November 6, 2006, PP 15
3. Prof Dr Colonel(Retired) K Prabhakar Rao, Strategic studies into rise of Muslim fundamentalism and its rising threat to India from within and across the its borders, Ph D Thesis in Strategic studies, TIU, USA, 2003, P P 218-221
4 Seema Mustafa, The return of Taliban, Indian intelligence sure Pakistan behind revival, Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date May, 2, 2006, PP 9
5. Max Boot. Pakistan is promoting Afghan fire (Afghan mantalanu egadostunna Pak in Telugu) (With special arrangement with Washington Post), Eenadu daily, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date November 21, 2006, PP 4
6. Christopher Dickey, Kevin peraino and Babak Dehgan, The hand that feeds terror (Tehran’s silent strategy) Newsweek, ISSN -0028-9604, Volume CXVIII no 4, July 24, 2006, PP 28
7. Prof Dr Colonel (Retired) K Prabhakar Rao, Iraq , a pain in the neck for America, www.faithCommons.org Date December 5. 2006
8. Prof Dr Colonel (Retired) K Prabhakar Rao. Middle East a boiling Cauldron in Middle East with hatred towards West, www.faithCommons.org , Date October 16, 2006, 07:18
9. Seema Mustafa, The Man Lebanon trusts, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, PP 7
10. S Viswam, Vicious cycle of terror, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India. Date July 14, 2006, PP 6
11 Prof Dr Colonel (Retired) K Prabhakar Rao, It is time for USA to battle its enemies more within main land, www.faithCommons.org Date October 13, 2006, 07:49
12. Prof Dr Colonel(Retired) K Prabhakar Rao, Strategic studies into rise of Muslim fundamentalism and its rising threat to India from within and across the its borders, Ph D Thesis in Strategic studies, TIU, USA, 2003, Appendix A to Chapter X and Eenadu, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date November 19, 2001, PP 1
13. Prof Dr Colonel (Retired)K Prabhakar Rao, Pressures and prospects of Communism in democratic India, Ph D thesis in Political Science, TIU, USA, 1988,
14. Prof Dr Colonel (Retired) K Prabhakar Rao, Growth of militant Maoist activities in eastern belt, New Swatantra Times, Volume XIII, No 6, June 2002, PP 11
15. Prof Dr Colonel ( Retired) K Prabhakar Rao, It is time the Naxalites and Government turn to negotiating tables, New Swatantra Times, Volume XIII, No 1, Jan 2002, PP 37-38
16. Matthew Barakat, 9/11 plotter faces death, Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date April 5, 2006, PP 11
17. Maureen Dowd, A horror story from Haditha, by arrangement with New York Times, as cited in Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date May 29, 2006
18. Genocide charge on Saddam, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date April 5, 2006, PP11
19. Demonstration against death penalty to Saddam Hussein, Eenadu (Telugu), Hyderabad, AP, India, Date November 7, 2006,
20. BSF men shot through eyes, strangulated, Deccan chronicle, April 22, 2001
21. The verdict should not be of victors, India, Eenadu, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date November 6, 2006, PP 15
22. Correspondents at New Delhi/Mumbai, Center suspects Pak role in blasts. Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date July 14, 2006, PP1
23. Kushwant Singh, No evidence to nail Pakistan, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date July 30, 2006, PP 7
24. S Viswam, Terror challenge, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date August 18, 2006, PP 6
25. Samar Fatany, Bombing Lebanon is an act of terrorism, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date July 19, 2006, PP 7
26. Shanti Bhushan, How to pre empt terror attacks, Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date July 30, 2006, PP 7
27. Kuldip Nayar (Former High Commissioner in Britain), The fire in Kashmir is aggravated, Eenadu, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date November 8, 2006, PP 4
28. Seema Mustafa and Venkatesh Kesari, Guru fate hangs in imbalance, Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date October, 6, 2006, PP 1 and 2
29. Grant me clemency, The trail was not fair, have been implicated, Afzal’s petition to President, Eenadu, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date November 10. 2006. PP 8
30. Bhavana Vij-Aurora, It will be a long journey, Outlook, India, December 4, 2006, PP 46
31. Amita Verma, Victim kin threaten to return medal, Deccan Chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date October, 6, 2006, PP 2
32. Yousuf Zameel. Hanging of Afzal not in interest of humanity, Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date October 25, 2006, PP 3
33. Yousuf Jameel, Qaeda emerges in J and K, Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date July 14, 2006, PP 1 and 2
34. Ram Jethmalani, Arabs must make peace with Israel, Deccan chronicle, Hyderabad, AP, India, Date August, 5, 2006, PP 7

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